Category Archives: White Paper

Denver’s Transformation Into A Multi-Modal City: Improving Urban Transit


This report outlines Denver’s transformation into a multi-modal city. The city has invested in an extensive light rail system and bus system, while also improving the regions’ bicycling infrastructure. These actions have been taken in response to growing problems with automobile congestion and national trends towards smart growth and sustainable development, as well as trying to attract millennials to move to the city. Here is a list of some of Denver’s notable rankings that reflect its efforts to appeal to the millennial generation: Continue reading Denver’s Transformation Into A Multi-Modal City: Improving Urban Transit

In Comes the Inequality: Time to Push it Out


We live in a world dominated by capitalism. It rose to prominence with the end of feudalism and has remained the dominant economic system of developed countries ever since. With the rise of developing countries due to globalization, capitalism is only going to become more a more prevalent (if not the only) economic system in an increasing number of the world’s countries. With that in mind, it is important that we understand the inherent traits of capitalism and to actively seek out a way to develop a sustainable form of capitalism that does not result in negative social change. One of these inherent traits is inequality—we need proper incentives to be productive, to work hard and to be innovative. Therefore, some inequality is inevitable; however, the question is how much inequality is too much and when it becomes a problem. A major form of inequality comes in the form of individual income, which is a much debated topic, as it represents how much an individual is compensated for the goods or services that individual provides.

Income Inequality White Paper

Tourism: The Negative Impacts of Travel and the Future of the Service Industry


From climbing to the top of the Eiffel Tower and overlooking the city of Paris to walking through the amphitheater of Rome’s Colosseum, the world’s various historical landmarks and architectural masterpieces provide society with a great amount of places to explore. These attractions create an opportunity for families to travel and experience a new culture. In recent years, the amount of tourism has increased tremendously. In order to determine what factors influenced the increase in tourism, I reviewed statistical evidence in regards to population growth, information on marketing and mass media, and the hospitality industry. The world population has significantly increased and is predicted to reach high numbers that overwhelm Earth’s resources. Marketing and mass media has generated a halo effect on consumers. In other words, advertising campaigns have been proven to influence how people view certain destinations and can impact whether or not they travel to a specific area. Lastly, the hospitality industry has expanded rapidly due to globalization. The expansion of the service industry has provided more of an opportunity for society to travel around the globe.

Continue reading Tourism: The Negative Impacts of Travel and the Future of the Service Industry

Can Urban Agriculture Eradicate Food Deserts?


The existence of food deserts, areas with low-income populations who have low access to healthy food options, has become a problem in United States, affecting major cities within the country. Food deserts are mainly created by the closure of large supermarket chains in poor areas, which forces the people in that community to shop at convenience stores and gas stations, which in contrast to vegetables and fruits, offer packaged foods that are low in nutrition and high in calories.

These food deserts negatively impact the community in various ways. One is the negative effects on health of the people and the increase in nutrition related health problems such as obesity and diabetes. The second effect of food deserts is the racial segregation that goes along with it. According to multiple studies that were done regarding food deserts and their relation to race, areas that have a mostly African Americans have fewer supermarkets per person than areas that have a dominant white population. This segregation also extend to socio-economic status, since low income neighborhoods within urban communities, the people who need access to fresh and healthy food the most, have less supermarkets than affluent of middle level income neighborhoods. Continue reading Can Urban Agriculture Eradicate Food Deserts?

Ending Chronic-Homelessness in the United States


On any given night in the United States, more than 600,000 people are experiencing homelessness. How can we empower governments and non-government organizations to solve their homelessness problems in the face of varying constraints? By analyzing practices for serving and eliminating the homeless population in nations around the world, breaking down the homeless population into groups that can be best served using similar practices, and teaching cities to utilize the best strategy to serve their most prevalent types of homeless populations, we can end homelessness in the United States. Homeless people in the United States generally can be described as “chronically homeless,” “episodically homeless,” and homeless and in need of assisted living. In addition, there are two main schools of thought when it comes to serving the homeless: rehabilitation, or subsidized housing. By analyzing best practice implementations of both ideals and matching these plans with homeless populations, cities can efficiently and effectively end their homelessness problem and save money while they do it.

homelessness white paper

The Church that Needs Reforming


FIFA, the world’s soccer governing body, was established in 1904 to regulate the game of soccer. Most of you know FIFA by the prestigious soccer tournament that they organize every four years. The World Cup is supposed to be an event to unite all nations. It is a time where people take pride in their countries and enjoy the spirited camaraderie of watching games with each other. What most of you probably do not know is that FIFA has become an increasingly corrupt organization since 1974.

Continue reading The Church that Needs Reforming

Chipotle and its quest for sustainable food


Chipotle opened its first store in 1993 and has seen astonishing growth and financial success since going public in 2006. Chipotle has been one of the industry’s leaders in serving and promoting sustainable food. Its high-quality natural food has given it a competitive advantage over competitors in a market that is increasingly becoming more conscious about what they eat. Chipotle has a mission of serving “Food with Integrity” to its customers. Chipotle is committed to finding the very best ingredients raised with respect for animals, the environment, and farmers. Chipotle brands its meats as naturally, or “Responsibly“ raised, which entails treating animals humanely without the use of antibiotics or added hormones. Many of its other ingredients are organic and do not contain genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Chipotle has been considered a pioneer in creating and promoting sustainable food chains. Despite its measured success in its food sourcing, Chipotle has been unethical within some of the social aspects of the supply chain, most notably its policies towards its employees. Chipotle has had problems with its hiring process as it is still being investigated over hiring illegal and undocumented workers. They also have several pending class action lawsuits from employees who are systematically unpaid for overtime hours as a result of Chipotle’s policies and practices. Chipotle needs to address these policies in order to have a sustainable food chain, which not only involves the food it serves, but the people serving it. Chipotle has an opportunity to change the industry to become more sustainable. Chipotle raises awareness about the problems within the food industry through advertisement campaigns. These advertisements can help change consumer behaviors to demand more sustainable foods, which will in turn force other restaurants to provide sustainable foods in order to meet this demand. Chipotle and sustainable suppliers can also use their relative competitive advantage to further influence competitors to become sustainable. This will create a market in which more sustainable suppliers are available, which will drive food prices down and quality standards higher. This will create a cycle in which sustainable food chains take over the existing marketplace.

Continue reading Chipotle and its quest for sustainable food

Why ALEC Needs to Change: A Message to the IRS


Since the formation of the United States constitution, lobbying has been a vital part of our political system. The rise of the interest group has helped fill in gaps in representation of diverse interests in ways that the system of party politics cannot. However, there is one group that bypasses this organized system of interest group lobbying. The American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) takes the corporate entity and places them on the fast-track. Under ALEC, members of the private and public sector co-draft model legislation, which is then paid for by state legislatures and passed into law. There is no other nonprofit organization like them in American politics today.

Continue reading Why ALEC Needs to Change: A Message to the IRS

Solving the Real Problems of the Homeless


Growing up in a suburb of our nation’s capital, I experienced the homeless nearly every day. My hometown city made Money Magazine’s list of the “100 Best Places to Live” in the U.S.,[1] yet homeless individuals asked my bus driver for money each day on my ride to and from school. How has the richest country on earth continued to allow such public misery, even on the streets of, and near, the very city that is supposed to create policy to help these homeless individuals? Continue reading Solving the Real Problems of the Homeless