Resource Proposal #1 (more on proposals)

Type (Biz, Gov, or Soc): Society

Name of Resource and Citation: Fruit and Vegetable Intake Among Urban Community Gardens

Alaimo, Katherine, et al. “Fruit and vegetable intake among urban community gardeners.” Journal of nutrition education and behavior 40.2 (2008): 94-101.

Topic for Paper: Being involved with community gardens promote a healthier lifestyle

Your proposal.

USDA defines food deserts as being urban neighborhoods and rural towns without ready access to fresh, healthy, and affordable food. These communities usually are places where there are no supermarkets or grocery stores, and people rely mostly on fast-food restaurants and convenience store which don’t offer the healthiest food options. This lack of access to healthy food within these communities pave the way to obesity, diabetes and heart related diseases.

Will Allen, with his non-profit organization Growing Power, has found a potential solution to this problem and coined the term urban agriculture. He is a strong believer that everyone can grow their own food in their backyard with low cost options. In his community gardens, Allen uses maximum efficiency and try to increase the productivity he has per square feet.

This journal article published on the Journal of Nutrition Education, demonstrates an experiment that compares the fruit and vegetable intake of people who are involved with community gardens and people who are not involved with community gardens. The results show that the people who participated in community gardens tend to consume fruits and vegetables 1.4 times more than the people who didn’t participate, and they were also 3.5 times more likely to consume fruits and vegetables at least 5 times a day.

I don’t understand these results.  What does 1.4 times more likely mean?  Like, 1.4 times the volume or weight?  Or, at all?  The second says their odds of eating five a day (probably a nutritional standard ) is even more likely.  That makes sense.

This article shows how the presence of and involvement in community gardens can positively impact the eating styles of communities, and how a government policy regarding the increase of community gardens can reduce the food desserts and people’s access to cheaper and healthy food items.

FInd the USDA resource for definition of food deserts for your government source?

This is strong support for your WP.  It shows how the problem of food deserts can be counter acted by community gardens.  Maybe see if it was cited by other articles, or if the authors wrote other useful things?

Resource Proposal #2 (more on proposals)

Type (Biz, Gov, or Soc): Government

Name of Resource and Citation: Access to Affordable and Nutritious Food: Measuring and Understanding Food Deserts and Their Consequences

U.S. Department of Agriculture. Access to Affordable and Nutritious Food: Measuring and Understanding Food Deserts and Their Consequences. Washington: Government Printing Office, 2009.

Topic for Paper: Definition of food desserts, its causes, and underlying problems

Seems great resource.  I wonder if there is any follow up since 2009?

Your proposal.

This report that was written to the Congress is based on a 1-year study conducted by the US Department of Agriculture. The study focuses on areas that have limited access to affordable and nutritious food, investigating the characteristics and causes of these areas and its effects on the population within the area. In its conclusion, the report also lays out possible solutions to the problem of food deserts.

This source will help lay the ground for the problem of food deserts in the United States. The report outlines the extent of limited food access in the US in three separate parts: individual level measures of food access, area based measures and the time cost of having access to supermarkets.

What did they find?

Chapter 7 of the report discusses Community Food Projects and discusses various types of projects included within the category, including urban agriculture and community gardens. The chapter also mentions both the pros and cons of the Community Food Project approach. Chapter 8 mentions possible policy implications, including community level interventions.

This government resource will serve both as a great background research source that provides food desert definitions and terminology and as a good support for the community based policy implications that I will be suggesting in my white paper.

How serious is the problem?  What did they see as causes?

Resource Proposal #3 (more on proposals)

Type (Biz, Gov, or Soc): Business

Here is a lead for a business source. See if you can find more?

Name of Resource and Citation : Good Food Revolution

Allen, Will. The Good Food Revolution. New York: Penguin, 2012. Print.

Topic for Paper: The example of how urban agriculture can work to solve issues caused by food deserts

Your proposal.

This book describes the techniques Will Allen uses in order to continue an efficient production of produce and fish to help serve his community healthier food options. It goes into describe the different methods he employs and different programs he leads and shows that his goal is not only limited to growing food, but it grows people and minds also.

The book will be very useful for my White Paper because it will help me show the effectiveness of urban agriculture and how it works through a real life example of a non-profit organization that is performing great. It will also help me line up the negative effects of food deserts with the actual benefits that comes from Allen’s company, which will help me in my policy implication of extending the support for urban agriculture in order to get rid of food deserts.


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